Before 1859 Malawi had many influences from different cultures dating back 60,000 years. In 1859 David Livingstone arrived on the shore of Lake Malawi and started the direct influence of Scottish Presbyterian missionaries. In 1891, the British government took direct responsibility for the administration of what was then called the British Central African Protectorate. Malawi remained a British colony until 1963, known as Nyasaland.
In 1961, Dr Hastings Banda became Prime Minister of the country and led Malawi to independence in 1964. In 1966, the country became a republic and after 30 years of a one party system there were the first multi party elections in 1994. Malawi continues to run a multi-party democratic system.
The first 8 years of education in Malawi are compulsory. Children enter primary school at age 6 where the first four years of teaching are in a local traditional language. Thereafter, the medium of education shifts to English for the balance of the Malawi education program. Primary schools are distributed throughout the country. Some are state-controlled, while others are privately operated, usually by religious missions.
Many secondary schools are boarding establishments where discipline is firm and uniforms are required. The period of education is 4 years, after 2 of which students enter for the Malawi junior national certificate. Two years further on a good pass in the Malawi school certificate of education examination is required for entrance to university.
The technical, entrepreneurial and vocational training authority is mandated by law to facilitate professional training throughout Malawi. Its objective is to ensure a sustainable workforce, and thereby promote the nation's economic growth. Access to tertiary education in Malawi is competitive because classroom space is in under-supply. Few candidates are chosen for university, although others may apply at teachers training colleges, and also technical institutions.
There are three universities in the country, namely the Catholic University, Mzuzu University, and the University of Malawi established in 1964, its constituent colleges include Chancellor College, Bunda College of Agriculture, The Malawi Polytechnic, Kamuzu College of Nursing, and a College of Medicine where doctors are trained.
(Taken from www.classbase.com)